According to an article written by T.Z. Lavine for Kalamazoo Valley community college there are six themes in existentialism. A review of these themes is important to gain understanding about existentialism, in terms of what it is and how it may or may not be beneficial for people.
Theme one involves the idea that human beings are consciousness itself, which means we are not defined by our bodies, titles, and anything else for that matter. In other words, we are unstructured, which means without boundaries. Theme two involves our feelings which are a reflection of our existence or in essence pain and suffering which are the most common realities we must deal with. This means anger is a consistent aspect of our reality because we exist in an environment in which we have no control over outside forces. Theme three deals with the reality of our existence in the here and now. This third theme questions the point of our reality, and even goes so far as to define our existence as pointless. Theme four reflects back to our consciousness. The challenge put forward by this theme is about the reality of our existence as consciousness. As consciousness we cannot be defined by anything in existence meaning we exist in emptiness, which only further points to the thought that existence has no meaning. Theme five deals with the reality of death. Death is argued to be another indicator of the lack of meaning in life, because existentialist view death as a state of emptiness which is viewed as our reality anyways. Isolation is the subject of the sixth theme of existentialism. This idea or theme looks at our existence on all levels from the perspective of always being isolated or alone. This isolation is described from the perspective of the catalyst of existence which is eternal and thus separate from the mortal. It is also viewed from the perspective of the isolation that exists in society between each other as we all seek to fulfil our own goals at the costs of others thus furthering the isolation.
These themes of existentialism provide a lot of insight into the inner workings of the theory. Although I do not fully accept each theme I do concede that they are all arguable points, which must be given serious consideration when thinking about one’s life. I would argue that on a personal level that these themes mean that we must find acceptance of existence and the realities we are faced with, and at the same time understand that eventually we must let go of the existence we currently know with the inner standing that attachment to our current realities is illusory at best. These themes also mean that we can find comfort in the fact that our existence is a brief transitory state that we can give meaning to or not but that ultimately whatever we decide will be left behind when we transition to the state of death.