The different types of shin pains are covered by one general term and that is shin splints. They can prove to be immensely painful for most people, but it is easy for them to find both non-surgical and surgical options for dealing with shin splints and treating them. Since the safety and effectiveness of surgical options cannot be ascertained properly, most people prefer to use non-surgical treatments for eliminating the problem of shin splints. It is typically repetitive and vigorous physical exercise that gives rise to shin splint because it leads to inflammation of the layer of the tissue that covers the bone, tendons and muscles. Hairline cracks and stress fractures can also occur in the bones of the lower leg and the large bone is where the pain starts.
The treatments for shin splints are mentioned below:
As far as non-surgical treatments for shin splints are concerned, suffers have plenty of options, but rest is one of the most primary ingredients in this case. This means that individuals need to take a break from the exercise or other activity that cause the shin splint. During this time, the pain can be alleviated with the help of ice. The shin area should be applied with ice for around 20 minutes or half an hour and after every three to four hours. People can use these icepacks until the pain is relieved or for at least three to four days. It is also an option to get an ice massage because they can be beneficial as well. It should be rubbed on the leg for about 5 to 10 minutes.
Anti-inflammatory medicine can also be taken for countering the inflammation and pain. Orthodontics or arch supports can also be used by people for preventing the feet from over-pronating. Moreover, the healing process can also be speeded up and pain can be relieved by individuals by replacing vigorous and high-impact exercise with low-impact exercises.
When the shin splints are quite severe, surgery is the only option that can be used by people. These injuries will not give any response to the non-surgical treatments so there is no other choice left. The only problem is that there is no guarantee that these surgeries will be effective for people.
Perhaps the best shin splints treatment and prevention option at the disposal of people is to adapt habits that help avoid shin splints in the first place. There are several ways in which this goal can be achieved and will save people from a lot of trouble and pain they have to deal with because of shin splints. First and foremost, any new exercise or activity should be started gradually. It is important to warm up properly, which means that the muscles in the calf and leg should be stretched before starting exercise. Shoes that have proper padding and support should be used. If people run or jog, they should do it on softer and smoother surfaces and take breaks to give the body some rest while exercising.