Weather dangers during the summer sometimes depend on where you live. California may not need to prepare for a tornado but definitely the residents need to prepare for heat. Getting things done in advance can make summer both easier to handle and safer.
Heat: This is something all of the U.S. is likely to have to cope with. Whether it’s triple digits in the deserts or 80s with 80% humidity, it needs planned for. The first thing to do is prepare your home. Is your air conditioner in top form? Have you changed the filter? Does it need a tune up?
Next check for areas that will lose the cooling effects. Attached garages are an area of concern because they can get very hot. A solid door between the house and the garage can keep a lot of the heat out.
There are also attic vents and fans that can be installed. From personal experience I can tell you that they are a good investment. We have a vent in the garage roof and an electric fan over the house roof. It makes about a 20 degree difference in the upstairs of the house.
Never leave a person or a pet in a car while it’s not running. It doesn’t take long for the car to become an oven. Many states now have laws permitting passersby to break into the car and rescue what’s inside.
Stock up on beverages that encourage hydration. Water is good, but if there is intense sweating you may need sport’s drinks. This is especially important for children. Ask your pediatrician what is recommended age wise for your child.
Flash floods: Thunderstorms can bring a lot of rain in a short period of time. The ground can’t absorb it so the water flows across it. These floods can wipe out roads and bridges. This is an area where preparation mostly consists of education. Never walk or drive across water flowing across a roadway or over a bridge. There might not be anything under it, and even if there is it doesn’t take a lot of water to pull your feet out from under you or send your vehicle along with the water.
Thunderstorms: Do you have a lightning rod and is it the proper one for your structure? Lightning rods don’t encourage a strike as much as it provides a path for the strike to go to ground without causing harm to what is around it. The size depends in part on where the structure it’s protecting is. Out in the middle of an open field you may want a tall rod. In a home surrounded by other homes or objects, it doesn’t have to be as big.
Lightning can strike anything and it can jump around. As an example, if you are under a tree when the tree is hit, the lightning can then strike you. That’s why you don’t want to be under one in such a storm. In fact, the best place to be is indoors.
Tornados: Having been through one I can tell you that they are a very scary experience. However, if your home is prepared they are survivable. If you live in an area that has tornadoes on a regular basis, a safe room or storm shelter are a necessity. Make sure the shelter meets all necessary requirements.
You may also want to store basic necessities in the shelter. Water, food, medications, important papers and a change of clothes could come in handy after a tornado has gone through. A first aid kit would also be helpful.
There is one piece of advice that has been disproved. You don’t need to open your doors and windows prior to seeking shelter. In fact, doing so could increase the damage to your home rather than decrease it. A demonstration in Mythbusters showed how it causes more damage from wind and debris.
Summer can be a time for fun, but it is also a time for vigilance. We need to make sure our homes are prepared for whatever weather is thrown at us.