“Euthanasia” is a term used meaning” good death.” When people are terminally ill, and have either used or refused all options for living, and want to speed up death. They are usually in hospice care or dying at home. These people are usually in a great deal of pain and are suffering. They don’t want to have their loved ones care for them because they feel they are a burden even if that’s not the case. Some of them are prideful and use to caring for themselves and don’t want loved ones to see them in that state. Is this a form of suicide, or speeding up the inevitable?
There are two types of Euthanasia. Passive Euthanasia is when a patient who is terminally ill “ceases medical intervention that would prolong life. Passive euthanasia allows death to take place but does not cause it.” (Arnett, pg.614) A person dying of cancer may choose to end chemotherapy and not receive any more treatments in order to live out the rest of their life outside the hospital. This would be the passive form.
The other type is Active Euthanasia, which is “not just ceasing treatment, but taking steps to hasten death.” (Arnett, pg.614) This is used when a person wants a peaceful death without being in pain. An example of this would be a doctor giving a lethal dose of medication with the intent of ending the patient’s life at their request. The Globe Newspaper reported that when people were surveyed in Boston, and asked whether they support “the right to die” Euthanasia, 70 percent of people agreed. However, when it was worded as “assisted suicide” only 50 percent supported this idea. So when its called assisted suicide fewer people agreed, but when it was called “the right to die,” more people were comfortable with the idea. The only state in the U.S that has Euthanasia legalized is Oregon. Only a small majority actually goes through with Euthanasia; however, people appreciate the right to choose.
Some think that Euthanasia should be legalized in all states because if a person is terminally ill, then they should be able to choose to end their suffering. My Dad was terminally ill, and died of colon cancer. He was in so much pain in the last stages of it, and I felt so bad seeing him in so much pain. He choose to end his chemotherapy because it just made him very sick and tired. I was not mad at him; neither was my mom because we knew that’s what he wanted. We didn’t want to be selfish and keep him around in misery. We let him have his wish. It’s nothing worse than to know you’re going to die, and know there is nothing you can do about it. If a person has to suffer and be in pain until the end, then why not let them choose when the end is.
Arnett, J. J. (2012). Human Development: A Cultural Approach. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education
Inc.Globe Newspaper Company. (2007, November 7).Mass. doctor-assisted suicide measure fails. Retrieved from: http://www.boston.com/news/local/massachusetts/2012/11/07/mass-doctor-assisted-suicide-measure-fails/oXZDcgOUbqwhlqzb63FSPO/story.html