Today we buy all of our produce from the supermarket. This is one of the commodities that we have today that ensures us that we are in good times: the ability to purchase anything you need at a store. However, after any major disaster, this commodity will disappear, and the hunt for food will be violent and difficult. This is where old world techniques of agriculture will play into effect and bring many individuals out from being destitute to being prosperous.
First and foremost, the most important things to grow will be starchy. This means they have a lot of fat, therefore being the most filling and useful to a person already on a slim diet. A perfect example of this kind of food is the potato. This vegetable is full of calories and is easy to grow. This will also keep the most amount of people alive by providing them with calories. Some of you may not be able to grow potatoes due to the climate you currently live in, how ever there are starchy foods capable of growing in almost every region. Do research to see what kind of starchy foods grow naturally in your area and see if you can purchase seeds for these plants. Before you begin planting, you need a good area to execute your plan. Depending on what kind of food you plan on growing, you should have a decent, fairly flat field to plant on. This field should have surrounding trees to keep the field concealed. Having a field full of food is a huge target for any bandits or desperate individuals, therefore, it should be protected and hidden at all times.
Many different processes exist on how to grow certain crops. For example, to grow potatoes, you must buy or acquire guaranteed seed potatoes, basically meaning that it is guaranteed that there is a seed in the potato. Many times there are 2 seeds each, so the potato is cut in half and the potato half is planted in the ground in several rows. Ultimately if you plan on feeding an entire family of 4-7 you will need to grow several hundred different plants. You must keep in mind that most of the non-perishable produce such as wheat will be put in sacks and stored in your cellar or basement to be used all through the year until the next harvest. This will be the new normal for life several years after a major disaster. Most food will need to be grown and harvested in privately owned farms.
It is highly suggested that you acquire or buy non-gasoline farming equipment now so that you will not need to make these tools later on. In a world without cheap and ready gasoline, hand driven plows and harvesters will be needed to get food. Work horses are great for this purpose and a good investment for other uses such as transportation as well. Setting up your farm within 2-3 miles of a reliable water source is a very smart thing to do. Not only will the soil naturally be much more fertile but you will have access to a water source to use solely on the plants themselves. If you have a lot of man power it is also possible to dig canals from the water source to run directly through your fields. This will give your plants the water they need.