There is a lot to be said about ancient Egypt, and a lot that fascinates me about it. You have mummies, and pharaohs, some of them being more notable than others. Then you have the gods and goddesses that many people worshiped during this time. I have always loved reading about it, and the more I read, the more fascinated I become. It makes me wonder what Egypt would be like these days if it hadn’t changed from the way it used to be in ancient times.
One of things I’ve learned about the pharaohs is how the names of the gods that were worshiped were used in the names of the pharaohs that ruled during their time on the throne, such as Tutankhamen and Akhenaten. Here are some of the gods and goddesses that I loved reading about the most when doing my research.
Known for having the head of the ram, Amun is known for being one of the most powerful gods. Like Zeus in ancient Greek mythology, Amun is also the king of the gods. Sometimes you’ll hear his name being referred to as Amun-ra because he is combined with the sun god, Ra.
Ever saw the film “The Mummy” with Brenden Fraser? Then you would have heard the name of this god plenty of times. Anubis has the head of a jackal and is associated with embalming. He watches over the dead. Usually, when priests embalm/mummify notables who have passed away, they wear the mask of Anubis for this reason.
The pharaoh, Akhenaten worshiped this particular god and even took on his name. Many pharaohs have done the same thing when they ruled, using the name of the god they worshiped. Aten has the appearance of the sun, also associated with Ra, the sun god.
Another name many of us have become familiar with when watching “The Mummy” with Brenden Fraser. Horus has the head of a hawk and is the god of the sky. Some pharaohs were considered to be a live version of him during their time on the throne, who worshiped him. He is the son of Iris and Osiris (who were also brother and sister.)
He has the appearance of a mummified man and wears a white headdress on top of his head. He is the god of the dead and the ruler of the underworld. Osiris is the brother of Iris. He is also her husband; both of them produced a son together, Horus. Not unusual during that time. Many pharaohs have also married a relative of theirs, particularly brothers and sisters. King Tut is a good example of this.
She is the sister and wife of Osiris, and Horus’s mother. Iris is represented as a woman (naturally) with a headdress in the shape of a throne. She is the goddess of protection.
The sun god, represented as a man with a hawk head. Ra has a sun disk headdress, and it is said that during night time, Ra is swallowed by night, night being the goddess Nut, only to be reborn every morning after that.
There so much more research to do on this subject that will surely lead to a deeper understanding on why these gods and goddess were worshiped. I love learning everything I can about this. For more information on these gods and goddesses, as well as others, visit the sites below.