“Leadership” is different from “management”; many just know it instinctively but have not been capable to understand this difference clearly. These are two entirely different roles based on their core philosophies, functions, and outcomes. Similarly, leaders and managers are not the same people. They mark different conceptualizations and tactics to work, use different ways of problem solving, accept different functions in the organizations, and display different conducts owing to their different fundamental and extrinsic incentives. Even though separately different, the terms “manager” and “leader” are often confused and used interchangeably. Here we attempt to address this issue at different levels. It is said that in order to be competitive, future organizations need to develop as many leaders as possible, but that these leaders should also have ample management knowledge and capabilities. Organizations also need effective managers who hold sufficient leadership skills for better problem solving and overall functioning in the teams.
What is the difference between management and leadership? It is a question that has been asked more than once and also answered in different ways. The biggest difference between managers and leaders is the way they motivate the people who work or follow them, and this sets the tone for most other aspects of what they do.
- 1. Leadership:
- a. Meaning:
“Leadership” comes from the Norse and Anglo Saxon language. It means “path”, “journey” or “route”. It is focused on looking ahead and being visionary.
- b. Definition:
Leadership is the art of motivating a group of people to act towards achieving a common goal.
- 2. Management:
- a. Meaning:
“Management” comes from the Latin language. It means “hand”. It is focused on being “hands on” or controlling resources such as people, materials and money.
- b. Definition:
A manager is a person that can manage himself and the resources to achieve the organization goals and objective. A good manager must be able to follow all the functions of management which are planning, controlling, directing, coordinating leading etc.
The Role of Leader:
Leaders focus more on:
- · Vision
- · Inspiration
- · Persuasion
- · Motivation
- · Relationships
- · Team work
- · Listening
- · Counseling,
- · Coaching,
- · Teaching,
- · Mentoring
The Role of Manager:
Management focuses on work. Management focuses more on:
- · Planning
- · Organizing,
- · Controlling
- · Coordinating
- · Directing
- · Resource use
- · Time management
- · Logistics and the supply chain
- · Finance and money management
- · Budgeting
- · Strategy
- · Decision Making
- · Problem Solving
Confusion over the meanings of Leadership and Management:
Leadership and management are two concepts that are often used interchangeably. However, these words actually describe two different notions. Here, we will discuss these differences and clarify why both terms are assumed to be alike.
- · Leadership is a feature of Management
- · Differences in Perspectives
- · Subordinate as a Leader
- · Loyalty
- · The Leader is followed. The Manager Rules.
- · Management knows how it Work
- a. Leadership is a feature of management:
Leadership is just one of the many possessions an effective manager must own. Care must be taken in differentiating between the two concepts. The main goal of a manager is to capitalize on the production of the organization through managerial operation. To attain this, managers must start the following functions:
Leadership is just one vital element of the directing function. A manager cannot just be a leader; he also needs proper authority to be effective. “For any quality initiative to take grip, high-ranking administration must be involved and act as a role model. This participation cannot be proxy.”
In some situations, leadership is not compulsory. For example, self-motivated groups may not require a single leader and may find leaders dominating. The point is that a leader is not always required proves that leadership is just an advantage and is not necessary.
- b. Differences in Perspectives:
Managers think incrementally, at the same time as leaders think deeply. “Managers do things right, while leaders do the right thing.” This means that managers do things by the book and follow company policy, while leaders follow their own perception, which may in turn be of more profit to the company. A leader is more sensitive than a manager.
“Leaders stand out by being different. They question supposition and are unsure of tradition. They hunt for the truth and make decisions based on statistics, not bias. They have a first choice for novelty.”
- c. Subordinate As a Leader:
Every so often with small groups, it is not the manager who arises as the leader. In many circumstances it is a secondary member with specific aptitudes who leads the group in a certain track. “Leaders must let visualization, plans, aims, and principles be the guide-post for action and behavior rather than make an attempt to governor others.”
When a natural leader occurs in a group having a manager, clash may ascend if they have different views. When a manager sees the group looking towards someone else for leadership he may feel his power is being grilled.
- d. Loyalty:
Groups are often more loyal to a leader than a manager. This loyalty is produced by the leader taking duty in zones such as:
- Taking the responsibility when things go wrong.
- Celebrating group achievements, even minor ones.
- Giving credit where it is due.
- e. The Leader Is Followed, the Manager Rules:
A leader is someone who people surely follow through their own choice, whereas a manager essentially is obeyed. A manager may only have attained his position of authority through time and faithfulness given to the company, not as a result of his leadership potentials. A leader may have no organizational skills, but his prophecy ties people behind him.
- f. Management Knows How It Works:
Management generally contains people who are skilled in their arena, and who have worked their way up the company. A manager knows how each level of the organization works and may also possess a good practical knowledge. A leader can be a new arrival to a company who has daring, new, firsthand ideas but might not have skill or sense.
How does Leadership differ from Management?
If you are responsible for leading or managing others, be alert of the variance between leadership and management and which is most suitable at any given time.
Essence: Leader believes on change; manager tries to stable the activities.
Focus: Leader leads people; manager only manages work.
Have: Leader has followers; manager has subordinates.
Seeks: Leader has vision; manager has objecgtives.
Power: Leader owns charismatic personality whereas manager has formal authority.
Energy: Leader is passionate and manager only controls.
Dynamic: Leader is proactive but the manager is reactive.
Direction: Leader seeks new roads; manager follows the existing roads.
Concern: Leader always concerns with “what is right”; manager tries to be right.
Leadership is commonly assumed of as more big-picture thinking and future-oriented, while management normally treaties with the “here and now.” Good managers are not always good leaders, and good leaders are not always good managers, although there are individuals who do both very well.
Richard Pascale, 1990 ‘Managing on the Edge’, Penguin Book, UK pp 65
John Fenton, 1990 ‘101 Ways to Boost Your Business Performance’, Mandarin Business, China, pp 113