Dehydration in dogs is a very common thing that is very serious. It is important to do everything you can to prevent your dog from becoming dehydrated and to treat them immediately if they are dehydrated.
Your dog will become dehydrated when their fluid levels drop to a level that is less than normal. This can be because their water intake has decreased or due to an increase in fluid loss, which can be caused by hot weather, vomiting or diarrhea. These things are very common in puppies.
Some dogs are more at risk for dehydration such as dogs who suffer from kidney disorders, cancer, and infectious disease. Additionally, dogs that are old, pregnant, or nursing are also prone to dehydration.
Symptoms – There are several symptoms that your dog may be dehydrated, such as: sunken eyes, lethargy, loss of appetite, dry mouth, loss of elasticity in the skin, and depression. There are ways that you can treat your dog at home for dehydration, however if your dog seems to have a serious case of dehydration, it is crucial that you take your dog to a veterinarian right away.
Treatment – You can give your dog Ringer’s lactate (“lactated Ringers” with 5% dextrose in water) if your dog is not throwing up. You can also give your dog an electrolytic solution at a rate of 2 to 4 ml per pound of the dog’s body weight per hour. If you are unsure of dosage, call your veterinarian. If you decide to take your dog to the veterinary, they will administer intravenous or subcutaneous fluids and possibly run more tests to see if there is a serious cause to their condition.
Prevention – You can help prevent your dog from becoming dehydrated by following these guidelines:
Provide clean water and change it frequently
Make sure to wash your dog’s water bowl every day to prevent bacteria from forming
Monitor your dog’s water intake (if your dog isn’t drinking enough water, contact a veterinarian)
Buy a water bowl with a weighted bottom so your dog can’t knock it over
Bring water with you while traveling and exercising with your dog
If your dog is not drinking as much water as usual, check their mouth for sores
Don’t chain your dog up outside because if he gets tangled up he won’t be able to get to his water
Keep your toilet lid closed to prevent your dog from drinking from it, because it’s filled with bacteria