“Theories that enable people to give order and predictability to their lives, the means by
which individual realities are created. Although generally outside of conscious
awareness, personal theories are learned in families of origin, in school…” (Becvar,2003, p. 3)
This statement is highlighted for the reason to explain, what is the difference between family therapy and individual therapy. As a coach, the epistemology is somewhat different as to counseling. The first theory of individual realities that are created can become a construction of identity. The work of identity construction may have started at birth, within the DNA or even as a child building habits, traditions and environmental awareness or lack therof. This framework has been loosely illustrated in the epistemology chapter of the handbook, but most of the interest came from previous work in studying women scholars who speak on issues of hegemonic social control as to Collins, (1998) Fighting words, and hooks (2008) When Spirits Meets Action. These two frameworks build the case that individual therapy as to Becvar (2003) can be associated with realities that are created.
Maslow spoke on this similar framework with his suggestion of the individual actualization process of arriving to a holistic wholeness in self. The ERG (Existence, Relatedness, Growth) theory, that pursues the individual climb into self awareness and self development from one location to the next location of needs and self -esteem. This is an incomplete view of Becvar in the sense of comparison and relationship of individual therapy, but the goal is to build the necessary framework to discuss the case of the process to cure one or family (Merriam, 2014).
On the other hand, the investigation in family therapy is similar to the illustration of coaching a team in athletics or business. Family therapy is a group actualization and awareness process that allows a group of individuals to operate under a common goal or intent. This is an interesting development of community and construction of civilization dynamics that can be used to analyze families into a body of people with similar and diverse realities that are created as a combination or a conflicting combination. Becvar (2003) mention the overall focai many levels. This difference can confuse the process as to building networking systems, communication systems and operative systems that allows the family to build a cure for a group reality or realities.
The assessment can be construed as incomplete or inaccurate if the family dynamics or individual dynamics shift too quickly without examination for each component. Like any chemist, a therapist must investigate the proper process of individual discourse and group discourse to conclude a stronger synthesis of the bigger picture without losing the separate pieces involved to arrive at the destination or to find the missing link or hidden link. This is a careful process of investigation to prevent over sight and hindsight of miscalculations of the developmental process and incremental growth process that can be crucial for underlining set backs or adjustments for adaptation to the individual or the group’s chemistry and trust. The important component of the assessment phase of therapy is to influence into one’s reality or realities.
Becvar, (2003). The Handbook of Family Therapy, The Science and Practices of Working with Families and Couples. Brunner-Routledge, New York & Hove.
Collins, P. (1998). Fighting Words. & Ferguson, S. (2013). Race, Gender Sexuality & Social Class: Class Dimension of Inequalities. Sage Publications. USA.
Hooks, B. (2008) When Spirit Meets Action. & Lipton, B. (2005). The Biology of Belief: Unleashing the Power of Miracles.
Maslow, A. (1934). The Maslow’s Hierarchy & The Organism. Goldstein, K. Zone Books, New York, NY.