Over the years your wood kitchen table and chairs get a lot of use. The once new and glossy finish dulls. The wood becomes nicked, scratched, and even dented. There is no need to replace your worn looking table and chairs. If you love the style of your table and chairs but want that new look again you can refinish them rather than replace them. It takes a little time and effort but it will save you a lot of money.
The first thing to do is to remove the legs of your kitchen table. Bring the table, legs, and chairs out to your work shop. It is best not to do this project inside of your home as it can be messy.
Use an electric handheld sander and rough grit sand paper to remove all of the old paint or varnish from the surface of the table, and of the chairs. Use a piece of rough grit sandpaper to remove the old finish off of the legs. Do not use an electric sander on the legs because table legs often have intricate details. An electric sander may cause damage.
Once all of the old finish has been removed from the table, chairs, and legs switch to a fine grit sandpaper and go over them all again. The rough grit removes the old finish while the fine grit gives the bare wood a smooth, flawless surface.
Dust the table, chairs and legs off well using a soft, dry cloth. Do this to ensure that the dust created from sanding will not get trapped under the new finish. Any particles remain when the new finish is applied will appear as bumps and blemishes.
If you are happy with the look and color of the wood then there is no need to stain. For a natural finish just apply polyurethane. Use a foam paint brush to apply the poly. Allow 25 minutes for the first coat to dry then apply a second. Do not shake or stir the polyurethane. Doing so will create bubbles in it which will transfer to the wood and will blemish the finish. If you do see bubbles after the first coat has been applied you can remove them once it dries using fine grit sand paper. Be sure to dust the surface off after sanding. Apply a second coat of poly and allow it to dry. Apply a third coat for additional protection. A kitchen table gets a lot of use and will be washed often so a third, or even fourth coat is recommenced on the table itself.
If you want the natural wood to have a deep, richer, darker color you can apply stain before applying the polyurethane. Use a soft, dry cloth to apply the stain. Rub it on in a circular motion then quickly wipe it back off using another cloth. Do not allow the stain to set on the wood as doing so will create dark spots. Once you have applied the stain you can immediately apply the polyurethane. You do not need to wait.
Allow the final coat of polyurethane 24 hours to dry then bring the table, legs, and chairs back into your home. Put the legs back on the table and situate the chairs. You wood kitchen table and chairs have been refinished! Enjoy the new look for years to come.