If you have a pet rabbit, or what some people call a bunny, you can easily train it to use a litter box. I know firsthand since I myself have a rabbit that’s litter trained. Here’s how to train your pet rabbit.
First get the right litter.
Do not use cat litter! Cat litter is not safe for rabbits. Newspaper is not safe either since it can contain toxic dyes which might be ingested if the rabbit chews on the newspaper. Paper based is the best litter for rabbits. I personally use all natural pine bedding which is available at most pet stores and in pet sections of various retailers. Rabbits do tend to lay in their litter box, so don’t be alarmed if you find your bunny sleeping in their litter box. Knowing that, make sure the bedding/litter you pick is comfortable for your pet.
Picking the right sized litter box.
If you have multiple rabbits, you’ll need multiple litter boxes. You can use a cat litter box, but it can’t be one that has a cover/door. It needs to just be the bottom pan part. I have a corner litter box that has a high corner. This is really great for rabbits since they tend to pee in a corner and a high cornered litter box will keep everything in the litter box. Your rabbit should be able to lay down comfortably in the litter box, if they can’t it’s too small.
Monitor for bathroom behavior.
Rabbits have a tendency of going to the bathroom in the same spot. Take note of where they tend to go to the bathroom in their cage as this is where the litter box should be put. Introduce the litter box to them before you start the training. Put some of their droppings into the litter box so they start to get the idea that this is where they should go. Once the litter box has been in the cage for a day and the rabbit hasn’t figured out that this is where they should be going to the bathroom you’ll have to start training. Rabbits tend to put their tail up in the air and squat when they are about to go so if you catch them doing this quickly put them in the litter box. Make sure you do not lock the cage on them because they might think they are getting in trouble. Also make sure to stay calm and to not make the rabbit panic.
Putting food by litter box.
Rabbits commonly go to the bathroom while eating. This is especially true for rabbits that are fed hay. I put my rabbit’s hay above his litter box so he can eat and go at the same time. You can try this as well to reinforce to it that this is where the bathroom is. You can also try giving it treats while it is in the litter box as well.
Rabbits mark their territory different than dogs.
If you find rabbit droppings around the cage still don’t be alarmed. This is how rabbits mark their territory. If most of the droppings are in the litter box but some are scattered throughout the cage this is normal.
Clean up regularly.
Clean up the litter box regularly. I use a litter scooper to get out the droppings a couple times a day. Yes, a couple times a day since rabbits do tend to go to the bathroom a lot. Make sure to dump the entire litter box at least once a week and replace with new fresh litter. You may need to move the litter box a couple of times until the rabbit likes where the litter box is. Rabbits can be picky but if you keep working on it, being calm, and rewarding while training your rabbit it should be litter trained in no time.