Ceramic tile is an excellent flooring choice. It is attractive, durable and long lasting. Ceramic tile can be used in any room of your home but is most commonly found in kitchens and bathrooms. It’s available in many colors and patterns.
To prepare for installation…
Completely empty the room of all furniture, etc. Remove all of the old flooring. Use a shop vac to clean the floor. Mop the floor well and allow it to dry over night.
What you will need:
- Tape measure
- Straight edge
- Chalk line
- 2 five gallon pails
- Mortar mix
- Tile spacers
- Wet saw or tile cutter
- Grout mix
- Damp cloths
- Tile sealer
- Paint brush
Use the tape measure to find the length and width of the floor. Divide each measurement in half. Find the exact center of the floor using the divided measurements. Mark the center point using the pencil. It’s important to find the center point of the floor. This is where you will lay the first tile so that all tiles centered in the room.
Use the tape measure to measure six inches from the top, bottom, right and left of the center point. Use the straight edge and pencil to create a 12 inch by 12 inch square. For 6 inch tiles measure out three inches and create a 6 inch by 6 inch square.
Use the tape measure and the chalk line to make lines across the floor every 12 inches, both horizontally and vertically for 12 inch tiles. For 6 inch tiles make the lines every 6 inches. You will end up with a grid on your floor. The tiles will be installed according to this grid.
Read the directions on the bag of mortar carefully. Add the proper amount of mortar with the recommended amount of water to a five gallon pail. Mix the mortar well. Use a trowel to spread a thin layer of the mortar mixture in the center of the room where the first tile will be laid.
Install the first tile. Place tile spacers on each side of the tile, 1/2 inch in from each corner. Spread more of the mortar mixture onto the floor and install the second tile on any side of the first. Insert spacers for the second tile just as you did for the first. Continue to repeat these steps until all whole tiles have been installed.
Use the tape measure to find the width of the edge of the floor where whole tiles will not fit. Measure, mark and cut whole tiles to size for edge pieces using a wet saw or tile cutter. Wear eye protection when cutting tiles to size. Do only one side of the room at a time as the room may not be perfectly square.
Spread the mortar mixture and install the tile edge pieces. Repeat step 6 for the other sides of the room and then install those edge pieces. Remember to insert spacers.
Allow the installed tiles 12 hours to set then remove all of the spacers. Prepare the grout in a five gallon pail, reading the directions and adding the proper amount of both mixture and water. Mix it well. Use the trowel to apply the grout over all of the cracks between tiles. Use a damp cloth to remove any excess grout from the surface of the tiles before it dries. Allow the grout 12 hours to set before moving on to the next step.
Use a paint brush to apply tile sealer over all of the grout lines. Use another damp cloth to remove any sealer from the surface of the tiles. Allow the sealer to dry for at least 6 hours before using the floor. After 6 hours has passed you can bring the furniture back into the room. Enjoy your new tile!