Young children are easily fascinated by moving and action based activities. Let’s explore an activity to introduce children to the world of science.
Children and parents can easily create a volcano and simulate an eruption. Children can witness a loose example of how lava spews and flows from a volcano. To make a “volcano” with your children, follow our tried and true recipe:
20 oz Soda Bottle cut just below the neck of the top or about 2-3 in wide opening
Ripped newspaper- We just tear strips about 2 inches wide and the length of the newspaper
Candle (we buy a cheap small jar candle in red and 1 in white)
Throw away 13×9 (approx.) foil pan
1 can Black spray paint
3 tbs baking powder
½ cup of vinegar
Place bottle with opening facing up in the foil pan
Bunch foil around the bottle to make a wider base in a cone like shape
Mix flour and water together until your have a moist but pasty substance
Take aluminum foil and make a cup in the top of the bottle, be sure to tuck some foil over the bottle top
Take the strips of paper and one at a time run through the pasty substance being sure to completely wet the paper. Layer the strips of paper from the top to the bottom of the volcano
Continue building the thickness of the volcano with flour and water strips
Allow to completely dry (abt. 24 hrs)
About an hour before the volcano completely dries or you are ready to work on the dry volcano, light the candles to allow melting.
Take Volcano to an open area (outside) and lightly spray paint black over volcano, don’t worry if the pan gets paint on it.
Allow to dry for 10-15 minutes
Using the melted wax from the candles, tilt to allow drips up and down the volcano. Little red, little white and so forth, I like to put the wax on fairly thick.
Allow to dry for 10 minutes
Put baking soda into top of volcano
When you are ready for the volcano to erupt, slowly pour the vinegar into the top and step back
The result will be a chemical reaction of the baking soda and vinegar causing it to bubble over into the pan simulating the eruption of a volcano.
While simple to do, adult participation and supervision is required.
Introducing kids at an early age to the dynamics of Earth science may help to create a wonder to find out more about why and how things happen in science.