A failing electric range oven heating element will often signal that problems are ahead. You may notice that your food takes longer to cook. The opposite may be true when you see a roast scorching in the oven. Many times, your oven will simply fail to heat up. Replacing the element in most electric ranges is relatively quick an simple. It is easily within the range of a do-it-yourself project for almost everyone.
Disconnect the power to the electric range.
You have two choices for cutting the power to the range. If you would rather not move the stove, you can turn off the breaker that supplies the power to the unit. If you are concerned about selecting the correct breaker, pull the stove out from its slot and unplug it. Either way, since electric ranges use 220-240 volts of power at 30 to 50 amps, you do not want to risk the possibility of electrical shock. Those levels of current can be lethal.
Remove the oven door if possible.
On many ranges, the oven door can be removed by lowering it and pulling it toward you and away from the stove. The hinges at the bottom sides of the door will slide out of the stove. Be prepared that the door will have a little weight. Be careful not to drop and damage it. You do not have to remove the door, but it makes reaching the rear of the oven much easier.
Locate connections for heating element.
Follow the sides of the heating element back to the rear of the oven. You should see screws that anchor the element to the oven and keep it from being pulled loose by accident. These screws do not connect any power to the heating element.
Use a screwdriver to remove screws attaching the element to the range.
You will need to remove the screws holding the element to the back of the oven. Heating elements frequently have brackets that hold the front of the element away from the floor or top of the oven. You will also need to remove the screws that hold the element to this bracket.
Pull gently on the element to extract it from the rear of the oven.
Because there are wires attached to the ends of the element, do not try to jerk the element out of the oven. Pull it gently toward you. When or if you meet resistance, check to see if the wires attached to the far end of the element are being stretched tight. If the screws that fasten the wires to the element are easily accessible at this point, remove them to release the element. If not, you will have to either remove the back from the stove or an access panel in order to be able to remove the screws.
Compare the new heating element to the old one.
The new element needs to be a replica of the one you are replacing. If there is any variation, contact your supplier to make certain that you have the correct replacement.
Hold the the new element in place and replace the screws.
Once you have fastened the electrical connections, you can slide the new element into position and reattach it to the interior of the oven. Make sure to fasten the element to the bracket, as well as, to the rear of the oven.
Turn on power.
With the power on, turn on the oven. It should start to heat. Be careful not to get burned during this process because the element can be very hot before it starts to glow. Once you have verified that the element is heating up, turn it off.
Replace oven door.
Slide the hinges back into the slots on the stove if you removed the oven door during the replacement process. Make sure that it opens and closes correctly. Turn your oven on and let it heat until it reaches the set temperature. You can test this with an oven thermometer to verify that it is heating correctly.