Most every prepper knows what a bug out bag is, how ever variations of the bug out bag make it hard to put an exact definition on it. One thing is certain about bug out bags. They are designed to sustain life while traveling in a disastrous scenario.
Generally, you want to have a bag that weighs anywhere from 20-60 pounds. In this bag you want most importantly water, a light source such as a flashlight, fire making tools, and a compass. Bug out bags are designed to get you from point A to point B in one piece. The first thing you need to consider when crafting you bag is: how much weight am I going to bring? With this questions comes others such as how far am I traveling, what terrain am I traveling on and how long will it take etc. Once these questions are answered you can select your pack.
Many packs range from a small pack you throw around your shoulder to a full sized ruck sack. A good small to medium sized pack is the Condor Compact Assault Pack. This pack is very lightweight, and will fit most of your essential items. This kind of pack is designed for short distances, so you might throw in some water bottles, some energy bars, a flashlight and a map/compass. This is good for walking up to 40 miles but will not be able to sustain you for long after that.
The next option is a large pack. The 5.11 rush 12 pack is a good option if you need to travel more than 50 miles on foot. Inside you can carry a hydration system, water bottles, food, extra pair of clothes, and just about anything else you might need. This pack is quite large and fill fit all of your essentials. You can even strap on a bed roll on the pack if you need to sleep on your journey. This pack is also MOLLE compatible so many attachments can be put on it.
Now that some options are on the table, lets talk about what goes into a bug out bag. First and foremost make sure you have at least a gallon of water easily accessible to you. Secondly, make sure you have a flashlight somewhere in the pack or on your person. Along with these items include a first aid kit that will help you recover from falls in the wilderness, insects, cuts, blisters on the feet etc. In a full sized pack which I recommend you will need to include many items to ensure you over all health. Always bring extra socks, no matter what kind of footwear you have. Bring some foot powder as well. If your feet get wet and you have to walk more than 10 miles you are going to have a very bad time.
Bring small morale booster, such as energy or candy bars. These will give you a short boost of energy and help you stay happy in times of trouble which is important for maintaining mental and physical discipline. If you have any battery operated gadgets have 2 extra sets of batteries for them. Bring an extra pair of clothes, perhaps a set of civilian looking attire, or BDU’s if you plan on being camouflaged. Anything else you feel will help you survive bring it. Important documents, passports, ID etc should all be included as well for when things settle down.