Scoliosis is a medical condition which results to the curving of the spine or backbone; common in children aged between the years 9-13.There is no known cause for this ailment. Let us look at some of the things you should know about idiopathic Scoliosis.
Who is Vulnerable?
Contrary to the popular belief which purports scoliosis is more prevalent in old people, this condition has attacked people of all ages and walks of life. It is also believed that majority of heavy people tend to suffer more from scoliosis, that is not generally the case, the medical condition attacks everyone irrespective of the body mass.
As I had written earlier, the causes of scoliosis are not known. Research is still being undertaken by scientist to try and establish the root causes of this disease. In some instances, it has been deduced as a genetic ailment.Medics also opine that scoliosis can be caused by accidents that results to the weakening and curving of the backbone. In cases where the condition is as a result of minor accidents, then the curve is temporary; in serious accidents, the spine develops a fixed curve.
How Is Scoliosis Diagnosed?
Since the spine can not be seen with our naked eyes, doctors use x-rays to try and decipher the structure of the spine. On obtaining the x-ray, doctors can be able to look at the spine or backbone and measure its curve thereby diagnosis presence or absence of scoliosis. The family history is also used in a number of occasions; it has been established that the ailment has some congenital traits. Of course, in severe situations, physical tests are enough to realize whether or not our spines are curved.
There are various ways in which we can treat the disease. These different methods are informed by a variety of factors such as; age, the size of the curve and also the type of scoliosis. After considering these factors, the doctor may recommend observation, bracing or medical surgery.
Observation is used to treat mostly young kids who are still in the process of growth. In such scenarios, the curve is normally less than 25 degrees, the doctors will follow up on the patients in a span of four months to see if the curve is improving or worsening.
Bracing is also used mainly in young children who still have some years left for growth and the curve is less than 30 degrees. Doctors will recommend wearing of a brace to prevent the curve from getting worse.
Finally, in very serious cases, a surgery is performed on the patient to try and realign the curve on the spine. The surgery involves fusing of two or more bones in the spine to either correct it or prevent it from getting worse.