Although the prepper homestead is something of great use, and hugely advantageous, the majority of us cannot get in one or upgrade one if we do have one. Homesteads are good platforms to have farms on, use as a base of operations, raise livestock, and generally prosper. The homestead is also a good platform to build a much larger community out of farther down the road after disaster. As said before, the majority of us cannot live in a secluded location with a perfect surrounding area to support it. Along with this other disadvantages come with the homestead.
Out of these concerns, the largest is what population density you live in and what the surrounding terrain is like. The ideal location is in the mountains or hills with a small town within 45 minutes away. Hills and mountains accompanied with foliage and dense brush serve as outstanding cover and will keep your location hidden. One disadvantage to being higher up with uneven terrain is that agriculture is more difficult due to rocky soil. From a militant standpoint, high up in the hills is good in that you have control of the surrounding area, or at the very least you have a huge defensive advantage against hostile individuals. Ultimately being high up will give you several advantages that are highly sought after. If you are lucky enough to have the resources and funds to build your own homestead than try to follow these guidelines.
There are infinite ways to upgrade your homestead. Having defenses is a primary concern, whether it is just a 2nd story window you can deploy a rifle out of, or barbed wired, mines, walls, lights, and machine guns. Defense should be primary after you establish several months worth of supplies. Among these defenses the easiest and perhaps cheapest defense to make is mud brick walls and trenches. These walls will not only give you something to stay behind when bullets are coming at you, but they will hide your movement to people who are outside of the walls. These walls can be placed up to 100 meters away from the main structure of your homestead. Defensive measures are infinite and are totally up to you.
Among defenses, other important aspect of a perfect homestead is having an area possible to grow crops in, raise livestock and build more structures. If many individuals flock to your homestead with supplies it is a good idea to take them in if no end to the disaster is in sight. The start to civilization will unfortunately be in the form of small warring clans and factions who will be ravaging everything in sight in search of supplies. Starting a small community with the homestead in the center will be a good way to achieve resurgence of community. Several structures can be built around, farms can be expanded, defenses can be enlarged, and knowledge can commence as it has before. This is the ultimate advantage to having a homestead stocked with supplies after disaster.