To the average layperson, all cranes are created equal. However, once you find yourself in need of a crane whether it be for a home construction project or you get a job in a field that uses them, you quickly find this is not the case. You need the right type of crane for the right type of job or the results can be disastrous. It is important to become familiar with some of the basic types of cranes in order to know what you need to use in your specific project or industry.
Aerial Lift Cranes
Aerial lift cranes sales and service are available at basically any equipment vendor. They are the cranes atop a truck base that most electrical companies use when working on power lines. They do just as the name states. They lift the crane basket (presumably with a person in it) up to the area that needs to be repaired and hold in place. These are often used in disaster areas. These are not designed to hoist heavy loads to great heights and thus careful attention must be paid to load limits.
Overhead cranes (also known as bridge cranes) are used more in industrial settings such as on construction sites, in factories and in warehouses. Overhead cranes involve parallel runways and a hoist to lift loads up to them. Thus, this crane type is of particular use in steel mills. There are different types of overhead cranes available including under running, top running, and double or single girders. The girders are the beams that the loads run across. The types of running simply indicate whether the load travels above or below those girders.
Lattice Boom Cranes
Lattice boom cranes come in a variety of shapes and sizes. Some are stationary and some are truck cranes. Lattice boom cranes are versatile as many modules can be added to them in order to modify for the job at hand. Because modules can be added to lattice boom cranes, this may also be a cost-saver as you will not have to buy or rent different cranes for every different aspect of your project needs. The load is supported by the boom which has a hook on the end to attach to the load. This type of crane is common in construction sites or along coastlines and in rough terrain due to its versatility.
These are three basic crane types among many. There are cranes available for sale and rent that are specific to rough terrain (lattice boom cranes among others) , hydraulic cranes, and even those that harness wind-power. Cranes sales and services are offered and available everywhere. Whether you are working on your own home improvement project or are considering a job in construction, electricity or any of the like, a basic knowledge of crane types will help you in your endeavors.