Acute depression is one of the most serious conditions that fall under the major depressive disorders. This condition can be fatal in cases where the patient contemplates committing suicide. The symptoms of acute depression are quite immense and can easily lead to death if a quick action is not taken to salvage the situation. It is recommended to subject patients of acute depression to professional medical attention. Most medics propose approaching this condition through medication, change in lifestyle, thorough counseling, hospitalization or even the use of Electra-convulsive Therapy. The sad thing however, is that patients of acute depression may be unaware of their condition. Here are the signs and symptoms of acute depression to watch out for.
Lack of Interest
If you realize that a person has lost interest in things that used to interest him most, know that he could be a victim of acute depression. Such people will stop engaging in pleasurable activities such as sports and exercises. There is also the possibility of them avoiding hanging out with friends and even spending their time with their family members. They prefer being alone and do not indulge in activities that bring gratification.
Loss of Energy
Another sign of acute depression is fatigue and failure to accomplish simple tasks due to lack of energy. This feeling of detachment from the things that they wish to accomplish should not be left unattended.
People suffering from acute depression experience sleeping disorders which are manifested in a number of ways. There is a group that prefers to draw the curtains, turn off the lights and sleep during the day for some few hours. Another group experiences a sleeping disorder called insomnia which involves total lack of sleep and anxiety. Others find it hard to sleep and wake up in the middle of the night only to go back to their beds early the following morning.
Cognitive Ability Failure
Victims of Severe depression have a tendency of losing concentration on whatever task they are undertaking. It is common for them to have poor memories and inability to make sound decisions. People who were previously wise become unable to solve even the simplest problems they encounter in their daily lives.
Another symptom of severe depression is pessimism. Victims often express negativity in their thinking and understanding of life. People who were once vibrant and optimistic negate their thinking and believe in the impossibility. They keep on blaming themselves for problems that cannot be controlled and always have negative conclusions and assumptions.
Patients with severe depression can at times experience both audible and visual hallucinations. They also become extremely hostile towards themselves or people near them. It is important to take seriously any threat to commit suicide, because there is a high likelihood of it being put into practice.
National Inst. of Mental Health: Signs of Depression
Depression (major depressive disorder)
Classic Symptoms of Major Depression
Sleep and Depression
Cognitive Functioning in Major Depression
Q and A about Dysthymic Disorder (Chronic Depression)
Delusions and Hallucinations