The Chernobyl accident occurred on April 26th, 1986 at 1:23pm in Chernobyl, Ukraine at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant. The catastrophe is considered the worst in history and is only ranked as number 7 by the International Nuclear Event Scale. Chernobyl is near the town of Pripyat.
Before the event happened, an unauthorized systems test was being completed. A sudden power outage took place, people around the area tried to start an emergency shut down. The attempt failed, however an even bigger power outage took place. Due to the sudden power outages, a reactor ruptured along with many other explosions on the plant. The graphite inside the reactor was mixed with air in the atmosphere, that set flame to other particles, which is the cause of the reason a plume of radioactive materials, entered the atmosphere.
They consulted the thought of loss of power from a grid system, with this in consideration they attained 3 back-up diesel generators. Just to make sure that nothing could come of this. Each generator required 15 seconds to start up and at least a minute before working at the
As of December 2000, (official post Soviet data) 350,400 people had been evacuated and resettled from the most severe areas of containment . Ukraine continued using the unharmed reactors until 2000 when the last one was finally closed down. Due to the disaster , the United States and other countries started to question how safe the Soviet nuclear power industry was. With this is mind, nuclear improvements slowed down for a few years.
Health concerns are high among the countries that were contaminated. Scientists now believe, that the radiation that covered Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine increase the risks of cancer. Decontamination is still transpiring in the corrupt countries. An estimated 4,000 people died, 50 of those being employees that were on site. A lethal dose is around 500 roentgens over 5 hours. However, 20,000 roentgens were released every hour. In some areas, unprotected workers got a deadly dose within a few minutes.
When the firefighters showed up to put out the fire, an older firefighter that had been stationed in Chernobyl for a while joked around about the radiation. Not many people put much thought behind this or even knew the effects of radiation. Two or Three firefighters climbed the ladder to go to the top of the building, they were never seen again. Most of the firefighters there died of radiation later on. The fire was thought to be not put out until May 10th, 1986.
Alexander Akimov assumed the reactor was fine with such inaccurate low readings. The evidence surrounding them was completely ignored. More low readings came to view the next morning, yet they were also dismissed saying the new reactor must have been defective. Akimov and the rest of his crew stayed in the reactor building trying to pump water into the reactor. Neither the crew, nor Akimov wore protective gear during this time. The majority of the crew including Akimov passed away from high radiation levels.
Pripyat is a nearby neighboring town that was greatly affected and eventually evacuated. The Soviet Union was not notified of the disaster until April 29th. The Soviet Union did not admit the accident to the general public until Forsmark Nuclear Power Plant in Sweden (over 700 miles away) had alarms go off due to high radiation levels. The authorities tried to hid the disaster to people saying it was a minor damage and the people of Pripyat will be evacuated for an estimated three days so you can leave your stuff at home. Most of the belongings left can be seen if you go there. However, there is a 30km exclusion zone in which no one can enter. The country of Ukraine is currently thinking of opening up the exclusion zone as a tourist attraction for those who would like to learn more about the accident that occurred a while back.