One of the main rules of keeping any kind of animals or livestock is that there will be emergencies. Many times these emergencies will happen at a time when you don’t have access to a vet, and sometimes, when you can’t get to a store to get the supplies you need.
The best way to maintain a cool head and to help your injured animal as quickly as possible is to have the first aid supplies you need on hand at all times. While each animal has specific needs as far as medications and treatments, there are many basic supplies you can keep stocked to treat any animal in your home or on your farm.
Here is a good, affordable, list of items you should always have on hand for a medical emergency involving your livestock:
- Cotton Gauze – I find the largest pads are best to keep stocked, as they will fit your larger animals and can be cut to size to accommodate smaller animals
- Rubbing Alcohol – great for sterilizing wounds and tools for treatment
- Thermometer – A thermometer dedicated to your animals is critical. I suggest keeping thermometer covers on hand as well to ensure it stays clean and sterile
- Triple Antibiotic Ointment
- Sterile disposable gloves
- Super Glue – Can be used in place of stitches if the wound is not to severe
- Blood Stop Powder
- Old Blankets and Towels – I like to pick these up at Goodwill whenever I can
- Molasses – May sound odd, but most animals find it delicious and it’s great to have on hand for raising an animals’ blood sugar quickly
- Hydrogen Peroxide
- Sharp Scissors
- Disposable Razor or Electric Clippers
- Vet Wrap – This is a must have! This versatile wrap sticks to its self and works great in a variety of situations
- Blue Kote – this stuff is great for treating a variety of wounds on all animals.
- Epsom Salt – for soaking infected/sore hooves
- Insecticidal Dusting Powder – I like to use Sevin Dust, which is affordable, easy to find, and can be used to treat external parasites on a variety of livestock, from chickens to goats
Please bear in mind that this is a very basic list, put together to cover general emergencies for all species. You may add to it as your situation calls for, but with these items on hand, you’ll find yourself well-equipped to handle a wide variety of situations that may come up on your homestead.