As part of your overall personal-data security, you should have secure Wi-Fi connections for privacy of your transmissions, and to control who connects. I’ve come up with at least 18 ways you can beef up the security of your home Wi-Fi. I’m a security and ID theft expert who has written a lot on this topic.
Home Wi-Fi Security
Usually, the security on Wi-Fi equipment is in a disabled state when shipped so that you can easily set it up. Settings are in a default status and should be changed once the network is set up.
To enhance security, use other tactics like VPNs (virtual private networks), firewalls and https.
An optional feature is Wi-Fi Protected Setup, which can increase security. Products that are certified for this have the logo on the packaging.
How to secure a new Wi-Fi network:
- The username and password that control configuration settings should be changed.
- The SSID (network name) should be changed from the default name.
- You should enable the WPA2-PSK with AES encryption.
- The network passphrase should meet recommended protocols.
- You should enable the WPA2 security features; enter the network passphrase.
How to check security on an existing Wi-Fi network:
- Your network should be configured for WPA2: optimal security.
- Older security types should be moved to WPA2.
- Make sure it has a minimum of eight characters, a salad of symbols, numbers and upper and lower case letters.
- Make it long, complex and with no rhyme nor reason.
- It should not contain actual words, PINs, etc.
- Periodically change the passphrase.
- Disable sharing
- Enable WPA2
- Configure device to require approval prior to connection.
Additional Security Measures for Home Wi-Fi
- Use encryption
- Keep up to date your various security software.
- Keep your wireless network’s name (SSID) private.
- The SSID name should be difficult for hackers to figure out. E.g., don’t name it “Internet” or “Wireless.”
- Employ MAC address filtering. This feature is normally disabled for shipment, but setting it up is worth it to prevent unauthorized people from using your connection.
- Use a password other than the one that came with the Wi-Fi router.
- Set your router to disable access during times you know you won’t be online.
There are at least 18 measures here you can take to secure your home Wi-Fi network. Don’t keep putting it off. Hackers will not be waiting for you.