Hurricanes are the deadliest storms that exist. They cause massive damage and many deaths, each year. They can cause flooding, mud slides, and other damages. Here are more important facts about hurricanes:
Hurricanes cause heavy rain, strong winds and heavy waves. They can do a lot of damage. The heavy waves are called a storm surge.
Hurricanes rotate in a counter-clockwise direction, around the eye. The rotating storm clouds create the “eye wall,” which is the most destructive part of the storm.
The deadliest U.S. hurricane was a Category 4 storm. It hit the island city of Galveston, Texas, on Sept. 8, 1900. Some 8,000 people lost their lives, when the island was destroyed, by 15-ft waves and 130-mph winds.
The eye of a hurricane can be from 2 miles in diameter to over 200 miles. However, they are usually around 30 miles.
In 2005, Hurricane Katrina killed over 1800 people in the United States. It caused about $80 billion dollars worth of property damage. The city of New Orleans was hit hard with levee breaches. This lead to about 80% of the city being flooded.
Slow moving hurricanes produce more rainfall. They can also cause more damage from flooding, than faster-moving, and more powerful hurricanes.
Hurricane Floyd was a category 1 hurricane, but it destroyed 19 million trees. It also caused over a billion dollars in damage.
Many people die in hurricanes due to the rising sea water walls that enter the mainland.
Hurricanes mostly occur from June to November when seas are the warmest. This forms a conducive weather for the hurricanes to build up.
The Atlantic Ocean’s hurricane season peaks from mid-August to late October. It averages five to six hurricanes per year.
Hurricanes generate energy on a staggering scale. They draw heat from warm, moist ocean air. They release it through condensation of water vapor, in thunderstorms.
A hurricane’s high winds are also destructive and may spawn tornadoes. Torrential rains cause further damage, by spawning floods and landslides, which may occur many miles inland.
The most intense tropical cyclone ever measured was Typhoon Tip on Oct. 12, 1979. It had a central pressure of 870 millibars.
Do Something.org. 11 Facts About Hurricanes.
Science Kids. Hurricane Facts For Kids.
Hurricane-Facts. Interesting Hurricane Facts.
Conserve Energy Future. Hurricane Facts.
National Geographic. Hurricanes: Engines Of Destruction.
Live Science. 50 Amazing Hurricane Facts.