Front load washers have their place and many people who switched from top load washers will never go back. There happens to be many features that a front load washer has that aren’t offered in typical top load machines. However, with all the advantages of the front load washer, still they have their own set of problems, but most are easily diagnosed and corrected. One of the more common complaints is the washer won’t spin. On the surface it seems like a major problem but as you will see, quite often it’s easily remedied by an experienced handyman or technician.
Clogged drain pump
This is by far the most common cause of spin problems in front load washers. Virtually all washers made today have a device called a pressure switch, either analog or digital. Its purpose is to regulate the amount of water inside the washer. This switch also serves another purpose. The contacts inside the switch that turn the water off are monitored by the main control board. The main control will initiate the spin cycle via the motor control board when it senses that most or all of the water is out of the washer. If the pressure switch contacts never change state because the water isn’t drained within a specified time interval, the washer won’t spin and most likely will show an alarm relating to either a “long drain” or “suds”. Either of these alarms usually indicate a drain issue. If the only reason for the long drain or suds issue is a clogged pump, removing the clog could solve the problem. The clog could be easily prevented by not overloading the washer, removing coins, etc. from pockets or using a small garment bag.
Defective or worn out drain pump
A drain pump with a bad motor or an impeller that is broken or jammed by foreign objects in the trap area will cause the washer to exhibit the same symptoms noted above. In this case the only solution is having the pump replaced.
Worn out shocks
If the dampers, or shock absorbers are completely worn out a typical outcome is that your machine either will not spin fast enough or long enough to remove water from your clothes. An underlying symptom could be that the load is so far out of balance, the machine refuses to enter high speed spin. This often times is caused by worn out shocks. If your washer seems to always vibrate or “walk” too much, suspect worn shocks first.
Defective motor control or speed board
Among the causes of why your front load washer won’t spin is the motor control board. This board supplies the extra current needed to operate the main motor, among others. One easy way to tell if you’ve got a bad board on your hands is look to see if you have movement from the basket. If you don’t see any movement, the motor control board is suspect. On the other hand, if you do see some movement and the basket spins for a short time then stops, the door lock on some machines could also cause this problem.