Get Your Equipment
It is important to make sure your rod and reel comes pre-spooled with line. If the fishing rod is not pre-spooled it is a good idea to buy 4-8 lb test fishing line for the rod. Other items you will need to get started include #6 and #10 size hooks, a net, and the split shot weights (the ones you pinch onto the line). It is also a good idea to go ahead and have your tackle rigged up before you ever leave for the trip, so you can see if you need to make one last trip to Wal-Mart before departure. The preferred bait for trout is live earthworms and salmon roe. If you prefer, lures can also be used for trout fishing, usually the lighter the lure the better. To read more about proper equipment visit How to Catch Trout.
Make sure when you cast to always cast upstream. Why? This allows you to leave your bait in the water slightly longer. More importantly it mimics the fish natural feeding patterns. Casting upstream allows the lure to bob and drift with the current, which gives it a more lifelike appearance. Also, when trout are feeding they tend to face upstream and wait for their food to flow downstream to them; therefore it is crucial you get your bait out in front of them so they can see it. For more information on casting watch Fishing Basics.
As previously mentioned aim your cast slightly upstream of where you plan to fish. Slowly bring the rod behind your head in a cocked position, while holding the reel button with your thumb. Quickly cast the rod to directly in front of you, letting go of the button on the reel about halfway into the cast. Once the cast has been properly made let the bait drift keeping the rod steady around eye level.
Setting the Hook
When you feel as if a fish may have bitten you will want to quickly set the hook. To do this, pull the rod tip straight up forcefully about 2 feet. If the hook has been set the rod will start to bend very noticeably. Now that the hook is set it is time to reel the fish in. It is important you keep constant pressure on the line while reeling so the fish cannot come off. You want to pull the rod up forcefully and then slowly let it back down, reeling on the way down as fast as possible. This keeps constant pressure on the fish and makes reeling less painful. For example of reeling techniques visit How to Reel in a Large Fish.