Garden vegetables are healthy to eat but very hard to wash. Many root crops like carrots, potatoes and beets need to be scrubbed before you can use them and lettuce leaves that are picked straight from the garden can be a nightmare to wash and get all the dirt. Tomatoes, cucumbers and squash are easy to wash the dirt off of. Just put them under a faucet of running water until the dirt is gone.
Root crops need to be scrubbed with a plastic mesh or brush scrubber that you use only for washing vegetables. I like to put some water in my sink and place my root vegetables into the water. Then when the root crops are under the water I take the scrubber and scrub them until they are clean. Then they are ready to cook and eat.
Lettuce, spinach, kale and swiss chard are difficult to wash all the dirt and sand off of the leaves. Little pieces of dirt like to hide in the folds of the leaves. To wash them I fill up the sink with water and put the leaves into the water. I swoosh them around and pick them up and put them back into the water until they are clean. The idea is to loosen up the dirt and let it fall to the bottom of the sink. I recently tried to put the lettuce leaves into a mesh folding basket and then swooshing the leaves in a sink full of water. That way the leaves stay together.
Another way to wash the leaves is to take them and wash both sides of each leaf one by one. This is really the best way to be sure you get all the dirt off but it takes a lot of time and you start to wonder if it is worth it.
For really big vegetables like pumpkins that do not fit in the sink you can hose them down outside until the dirt comes off. Or take a big wet rag and wipe them down until they are clean.
Peas can be cleaned before they are shelled or while they are still in the shell. Peas in the shell can be soaked in the sink and then removed. Really dirty peas need to be rubbed clean. If you shell the peas before you wash them you should still wash the peas. Put the peas in a bowl and fill it with water. Give the shelled peas a good swish and then drain out the water. This washes off any pollen that may have gotten on the peas off.