When we pray, we picture our self- kneeling before The Throne of God, presenting our prayer of thanksgiving or our prayer of petition to God, Our Father. We come humbly because there is no other way to enter the presence of Holy God. The meaning of ‘The Mercy Seat’ is the place where God sat or His Throne.
The physical description of ‘The Mercy Seat’ that sat in The Tabernacle of Moses is depicted in the following manner. The Mercy Seat was the lid of The Ark of the Covenant; it completed the Ark and the two together were considered as one piece of furniture. It acted as a covering for the contents of The Ark; it was a slab of pure gold that measured 2 ½ cubits (3 feet 9 inches) x 1 ½ cubits (2 feet 3inches). There were two cherubim of gold in union with it.
Type is a word that indicates a foreshadowing; that which takes place in the natural realm but also points to something in the spiritual realm; a type to bring understanding- the typology. The Tabernacle that Moses built is a “type” and it is confirmed in The New Testament. The Tabernacle as a whole speaks to Jesus Christ, in the form of a “type,” as Jesus Christ the head that came to tabernacle in the flesh. The blood stained Mercy Seat covered the two Tables of The Law. The blood of bulls and goats was- #1 sprinkled upon the Mercy Seat once; #2 sprinkled before the Mercy Seat (7) times. You know that number seven represents completeness. In both the Old Testament and the New- blood is the means by which sin is atoned and covered-God’s Throne of Mercy.
The essence of type is reflected in this scripture found in Exodus 25:9 (King James Version KJV) in the directions God gave to Moses, it reads:
“According to all that I shew thee, after the pattern of the Tabernacle, and the pattern of all the instruments thereof, even so shall ye make it.”
The Mercy Seat was a slab of pure gold, pure meaning no alloy and nothing human. Pure gold representing the pure nature of the truths connected with The Mercy Seat.