Salt has always played a pivotal role in humanity. Essentially, a covenant is an agreement of solemn and binding force. A Salt covenant has a long history in the Middle East. A covenant of salt was a covenant of permanent continuance and perpetual obligation which God established with people of God. This is clearly demonstrated in The Old Testament scriptures of Leviticus, Numbers and II Chronicles.
In the Book of Leviticus, chapter 2, verse 13, it says’- “And every offering of your grain offering you shall season with salt; you shall not allow the Salt of the Covenant of your God to be lacking from your grain offering.”
All animal sacrifices were required to be seasoned with salt. Salt is a preserver; salt seasons, salt is a sign of faithfulness and obedience and salt represents a valued friendship- as between God and man. Salt Covenant is mentioned three times in The Scriptures. Metaphorically, salt has all the characteristics we look for in calling something good or valuable- because it is something used daily in life.
The Salt Covenant is the most extraordinary of all covenants. It is a symbol of endurance, preservation, and freedom from corruption and for this reason it is a perfect symbol of Creator God.
The Salt Covenant is rich in spiritual symbolism and cultural and ethnic meanings. A Salt Covenant was a serious event, never taken lightly in the Eastern world (The Middle East). In Biblical times, if a guest would eat a meal in one’s home while the guest ate, the host stood. If the host ate with his guests, then they would have entered into a salt covenant, because the food contained salt.
This is not to say that it is not still practiced. Research showed that when Prime Minister Begin of Israel with President Sadat of Egypt in the late 1970s, the two men stopped to take bread and salt together. When President Sadat did the act of ‘salt covenant’, it was him saying Prime Minister Begin would be safe while visiting Egypt because President Sadat guaranteed it by his own life.
Here is what God says about us and salt in Matthew 5:13:
“You are the salt of the earth, but if the salt loses its savor, how shall it be seasoned? It is then good for nothing but to be throw out and trampled underfoot by men.”