Psychologists Watson and Skinner were methodological behaviorists: science can deal only with what is publicly observable, and private mental states are not. Therefore, we should “operationalize” mental states by defining them in terms of behavior. Ryle was very impressed with the problem of other minds. How can we tell that something has a mind just from its behavior? To behave that way just is to have a mind. So there’s no problem of other minds. What this means is how can you function without a mind. If your mind doesn’t function then you are a zombie which is where the term “sheep” comes from. When people believe what’s on the news and just follow the herd they are considered sheep because they don’t question everything so they fall for anything.
We regard the common man as the product of his environment; yet we reserve the right to give personal credit to great men for their achievements. I think this is interesting obviously humans are very flawed and integrity is fading as money becomes are main source for living. I think what Skinner says here is true in the sense that people become what they are around, we are adaptive by nature otherwise we would feel desperately alone. Most people succeed because their families are already established it’s rare when a poor person rises to the top. I think the mind and body problem is we are more programmed than we would like to believe. Society is just a way of forcing people to be what the government’s what you to be to make the world go round. If you don’t do as society does you are either an outcast or in jail. The only people whom are allowed to cheat on the “elite” the people who write the rules. In the book it stated but we want to regard the elite as something more than the product of a good culture. ” This means we see the elite as having honor and integrity that they are not going to cheat. The system is an honor system and we have seen how that works as Amerca continues to fade to its soon death much like Rome did. The corporations of the people in inevitable and will ultimately be death the death of most nations. People have a want for power everyone wants to reach the top at any cost and is that a mind and body problem or a social conditioning problem?
Descartes asks if material substance is physical and non-material substance is mental, but you can’t have the mental state without the physical. Descartes asks the question of how to mental and physical states interact? I don’t think they can because consciously you are somewhere else than what is being presented. How much do you actually taken from what’s going on in the present? How much do you remember when something is going on in the here and now? I think the unconscious thought is more important than most think. We tend to focus more on the physical world because that’s what we see and wake up to everyday but one must remember the average human sleeps eight hours a day which is 1/3 of the 24 hour period. That’s a lot of time to be in an “unconscious state” to not be important to the human body.
Skinner says “Our current practices do not represent any well-defined theoretical position. They are, in
fact, thoroughly confused. At times we appear to regard a man’s behavior as spontaneous
and responsible.” How can behavior be spontaneous and still be responsible? Unless he’s saying in the sense most people think before they react which I’m not sure if that’s the case. A lot of people react out of raw emotion which isn’t thinking in my opinion. It’s the action of acting out on what we have learned and have been programmed to do.
Behaviorism is a tough topic because we don’t truly know what is going on in the brain just yet. I do think there will come a time where we will be able to pick apart the original human mind and compare and contrast it to our new “evolved” form. I think Behavior is a hard topic because people have different environments and have been taught various things. I think to master ourselves we have to deprogram ourselves from the society that we have created. The society we have made simply doesn’t work one because it’s destroying our living habitat which isn’t beneficial to any living species. I think Skinner came up with good conclusions for behaviorism and how we work. It’s just a matter of time before we master ourselves or go extinct.
Sources: Extensive research, as well as from the book A Brief Introduction To The Philosophy of Mind by: Neil Campbell