Everything we learn takes place in social context, from birth and throughout our lives. Learning takes place through our interactions and communication with others. Learning occurs as parents talk to their children, as children play and interact with other children, and as the teacher supports his/her students. When a child is old enough to enter school, there will be new behaviors to expect.
What happens at the age of 6?
In this article the focus is on children at the age of 6; at this age, a child is supposed to be able to count, draw, identify letters and numbers, and exhibit imaginary characters, and he should be capable of using his fine motor skills correctly. Children at this age want to assert their independence. They are more aware of their own needs and desires. Children learn essential life skills, like dressing and feeding. They learn best when there are clear rules and expectations. These rules are supposed to be taught by the teacher. For instance, many teachers post a chart of classroom rules on the wall. Children are at the beginning of a long-term relationship with studying.
What are some of the classroom activities?
1. Coloring Circles:
This is a very good activity for young children. Teacher can get some pieces of A3 paper and draw a large circle on each one. Pin the circles on different walls in the classroom. Then they model the activity saying red, taking a red crayon, walking over to one circle and coloring a small part of the circle. They can do this for each color they plan to teach.
2- Writing journals:
A journal writing assignment is a method that helps students to record their reactions to an issue or idea. It is an expressive writing activity that promotes fluency and is used to attract children to express their feelings. He/ She adds more details to the writing assignments and enables them to review their grammatical errors when being checked by the teacher. It represents a follow up of their handwriting progress and presentational skills.
3. Reading stories:
One of the most important literacy development is when children start to imitate adults while reading. Reading time helps students feel enthusiastic about the use of pictures, phonic and contextual clues to help establish meaning and it creates an atmosphere that derives pleasure .
4. Art Gallery time:
This is a great activity for reviewing vocab. Teachers should draw enough squares on the board for each letter to be able to draw in. For instance ,if children are being introduced to the Letter B/b ,they have to write their names above their squares. They should call out a word that starts with the letter B/b (could be simple nouns e.g. “ball, bat bookcase.)
Teacher’s responsibilities should include the following:
1- Planning and preparing lessons, grading papers and preparing report cards.
2-Deciding on the most appropriate teaching methods to suit the particular needs of the class.
3- Using creative and practical skills to prepare inspiring learning materials.
4-Combining play and interactive activities with an increasing focus on early academic learning, including letter recognition, phonics, numbers and an awareness of science and nature.
5-Utilizing play and interactive activities to develop language and vocabulary introduce scientific and mathematical concepts and improve social skills.
6-Planning and organizing a range of individual and group activities, including role play, movement, dance, singing, games, arts and crafts and nature activities.
7- Maintaining order and discipline in the classroom.
8- Help children to develop a sense of self-respect, independence, and confidence.
9- Help children to acquire a set of social skills and abilities to communicate with and relate to other children and adults.
10- Supervising the work of other employees, such as teaching assistants.
11- Communicating with parents, teachers and other professionals, both formally and informally.
12- Participating in education conferences and workshops.
13-Learning difficulties, consulting other professionals where appropriate.
14-Work in teams with other teachers to develop various instructional methods.