The moment most people hear “schizophrenia,” they already have a preconceived notion that this person is going to be like Joker from Batman. They’re wrong. People with schizophrenia have minds that are not only unique but complex. They see the world in ways we can never imagine. However, we should also remember to not let their schizophrenia define who they are as a person. May 24 is Schizophrenia Awareness Day, a perfect day to clear up an misconceptions and to learn 5 little known facts and myths about schizophrenia.
1. There’s More Than One Kind
According to MedicineNet, Schizophrenia is divided into 5 groups: Paranoid, disorganized, undifferentiated, residual, and catatonic. These different types of schizophrenia are based upon the symptoms of the person. People with paranoid schizophrenia, for example, are mainly occupied with delusions or hallucinations, while people with disorganized schizophrenia are more prominently seen as having a lack or emotion or disorganized speech and behavior.
2. Larger Lateral Ventricles
Lateral ventricles protects the brain from trauma. These ventricles are part of the body’s ventricular system which contains cerebrospinal fluid. The University of Washington shows that larger lateral ventricles is a common trait in the brains of schizophrenics.
3. “Dopamine Theory of Schizophrenia”
Studies claim that brain neurotransmitters plays a part in the development of schizophrenia. The University of Washington explains the “dopamine theory of schizophrenia”, created by Van Rossum in 1966, which states that an overactive dopamine system is the cause for schizophrenia. Some evidence that supports this theory is that the drugs which best treat schizophrenia are the ones that completely block dopamine receptors.
4. Schizophrenics are Violent
Actually, it’s quite the opposite. According to the British Journal of Psychiatry, most violent crimes are not committed by people with schizophrenia. Schizophrenics tend to keep to themselves due to their anxiety and fear of other people. This causes them to generally be more passive than the rest of the population.
5. Schizophrenics Have Split Personalities
While schizophrenia does originate from the Greek words meaning ‘split’ and ‘mind’, this doesn’t mean that schizophrenics have a split personality, the University of Washington explains. A split personality, or dissociate identity is a completely different psychological disorder in which the person has two or more identities that take over. The “split mind” from schizophrenia means that people with this condition are ‘split off’ from the real world and think that their hallucinations are reality.