Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that impairs judgement or reality as well as causing odd social behavior. Sufferers of the illness often report hearing voices, clouded thinking and lack of social involvement. With so many myths surrounding the disease it is often hard to determine the truth. Despite common belief, most of what you may know about Schizophrenia could be wrong. Featured here are some facts about the illness to help clear things up a bit. These little known facts will help inform you of some truths of the illness.
1) The illness can affect children
Research has shown that all of the symptoms of schizophrenia can be present in children. The illness seems to affect children as young as six years of age. The symptoms can follow the children throughout life and into adulthood. Despite popular belief that the illness affects mostly older adults, children of all ages have shown signs of schizophrenia.
2) There are five types of Schizophrenia
Paranoid, Disorganized, Catatonic, Undifferentiated and Residual Schizophrenia are all the various classifications of the illness. Each type is determined by the symptoms shown at the time of mental evaluation. Paranoid Schizophrenia is classified by delusions and hallucinations. This type is the kind most often made fun of. All forms are serious and should be evaluated by a mental health professional.
3) Risk for Schizophrenia may be identified through IQ tests
Recent studies by the National University of Ireland suggest that performance on an IQ, memory or social intelligence test could show certain genetic factors that contribute to many mental disorders including Schizophrenia. These test could potentially be used in the future for aid in diagnosing the disorder.
4) The Cause for Schizophrenia is Unknown
While researchers believe that environment contributes to the disorder, many think that genetics could come into play. The illness could be attributed to certain imbalances or issues of chemicals in the brain. Studies have shown differences in the central nervous system of those affected by Schizophrenia than those who are unaffected.
5) Schizophrenia affects about 1% of the world population.
In the United States about two million, have this disease according to www.medicinenet.com! While this number may not seem large, that is roughly one out of every fifty adults. The number is scary to those who commonly joke about the disorder. That number may be higher as there is no way of knowing how many are un-diagnosed and suffering.
Schizophrenia is no laughing matter. While many like to joke about the disorder, it is very real and quite problematic for over two million Americans. While research continues, we do not know much about what causes the illness. There is treatment available. If you or someone you know shows signs of Schizophrenia, please seek evaluation from a qualified mental health professional. These facts are not meant to scare anyone and should be used for educational purposes only.