John F. Kennedy was the 35th President of the United States and was considered to be one of the greatest presidents of all times. He was remembered more for his iconic reputation than his legislative actions. He was concerned about the rights and responsibilities of American citizens, which inspired the nation to individual involvement.
John F. Kennedy has many lasting contributions that will always have a place in our lives and hearts. Some of his contributions are listed below:
In 1961, John F. Kennedy established the President’s Commission on the Status of Women. Eleanor Roosevelt was appointed as chairman. He recommended improvements in the equality and fair treatment of women in regards to civil and property rights, which included hiring practices, affordable child care, and paid maternity leave. Improvements were made by opening opportunities for women in the federal service and in the higher ranks of the military.
In 1961, JFK established the Peace Corps, a volunteer program run by the United States government that focuses on social and economic development. The Peace Corps required helping people of interested countries, helping other countries to understand the culture of Americans, and helping Americans to understand the cultures of other countries. A Peace Corp volunteer were usually an American citizen, a college graduate, and one who was willing to work abroad for 27 months after training. The Peace Corps is one of the highly publicized and most innovative programs set up by the United States.
Civil Rights Movement
JFK was an ally of the civil rights movement by making personal appeals and executive orders. During his presidency, the racial tensions continued to build. At one point, JFK had to send U.S. Court Marshals to enforce a court order to admit James Meredith, an African American, to the University of Mississippi. When racial violence continued to worsen, JFK had no other choice but to put forth the civil rights bill. The bill outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. Unfortunately, the bill wasn’t passed until his death. This bill ended racial segregation in schools, in public facilities, in the work place, and in voting registration requirements.
Cuban Missile Crisis
In October 1962, a U.S. spy plane sited nuclear missile sites being built by the Soviet Union on the island of Cuba. JFK didn’t want them to know that their missile sites were discovered. He met with his advisors for 13 days and decided to place a ring of ships around Cuba. This prevented them from bringing in more military supplies. JFK demanded the Soviet Union to remove those sites or the sites would be destroyed. Because there was a chance that there would be a nuclear war, John F. Kennedy and Soviet leader Kruschev reached an agreement that the United States wouldn’t invade Cuba if they dismantled their weapons sites.
The My Hero Project. Peacemaker Hero: John F. Kennedy. Author: John from Watertown.
About.com. John Kennedy- 35th President of the United States. Author: Martin Kelly.
The Morning Call. Unparalleled Contributions.
JFK.org. Call To Action: Role of John F. Kennedy.
Huff Post Politics. JFK’s Contribution To Women’s Rights- And What He Might Want Us To Do Next.
Author: Terry O’Neill. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/terry-oneill/jfks-contribution-to-wome_b_4321030.html
OurDocuments.gov. Executive Order 10924:Eastablishment of the Peace Corps (1961).
Wikipedia. Peace Corps.
History. Kennedy Establishes Peace Corps.
American Experience. The Kennedys and Civil Rights.
John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum. Cuban Missile Crisis.