Getting older has its advantages, but unfortunately it has its disadvantages as well. Health is important, and there are certain things that become more of a risk as we get older. It’s important for men over 40 to get a physical every year. Being able to catch any kind of disease early can be crucial. Prevention is also important; eating healthy and exercising lessens a lot of risk dramatically. Men should get a baseline prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test and Digital rectal exam (DRE) at age 40, says urologyhealth.org. The top causes of death among adult men in the U.S. are heart disease, stroke, cancer and chronic lower respiratory disease, reports the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Heart Disease, also known as Cardiovascular Diseases, is one of the leading causes of death for men over 40. Human Biology and Health reports that it is a class of disease that involves the heart, blood vessels, arteries, capillaries and veins. The American Heart Association states atherosclerosis is a condition that develops when a substance called plaque builds up in the walls of the arteries. This makes it harder for blood to flow through. If a blood clot forms, it can stop the blood flow. Thus causing a heart attack or stroke. To prevent this eating healthy, exercising, and not smoking is very important. Foods low in fat and high in fiber are great for your heart.
Strokes can occurs when blood stops flowing to the brain. It can be the result of another medical condition and sometimes it’s isolated. When the blood flow is stopped for a longer period of time, even a few seconds, brain cells can die and cause permanent brain damage, according to Men’s Health website. Prevention in this case is very important. Early signs and symptoms should be paid attention to such as: headache, vision problems, confusion, loss of balance, and trouble communicating.
Cancer risk definitely increases with age along with other contributing factors. Doctors have reported that smoking significantly increases the risk of cancer, yet a lot of people still smoke. Limiting the amount of alcohol, environmental factors, healthy diet and managing stress is important too. Doctors also say that men shouldn’t have more than two drinks a day, and if your older than 65, no more than one drink a day. Liver cancer is high in those that consume large amounts of alcohol. Men are at high risk for colon, prostate, liver and even are at risk for breast cancer. Men’s Heath reports that if men experience discharge, lump, redness, or turning inward from the upper chest area they should seek medical attention.
All types and ages of people can be at risk for depression and even suicide. A lot of men don’t like to talk about their emotions, and they keep their feelings inside. Avoidance of the issue doesn’t help better the situation and can make things worse. Warning signs and symptoms should definitely be paid attention to such as: irritability, isolation, restless or oversleeping, appetite changes, poor hygiene, drinking or abusing drugs etc. A great resource people experiencing depression can utilize is The National Suicide Prevention Lifeline: 1-800-273-8255.
Diabetes is a health risk for men over 40, this can be prevented by healthy eating habits. Sometimes diabetes is genetic, and the body can’t produce enough insulin. If diabetes is not treated, a lot of negative unfortunate things can occur such as: kidney damage, blindness, and even death. It’s important to get sugar levels tested when your reach this age.
High Cholesterol is something lot of men don’t want to think about. People enjoy eating foods high in fat because it taste good and it’s hard to give them up. However, when reach a certain age, foods low in fat and high fiber should be consumed, and leave the fatty and high sodium foods alone. Or at least eat less of those foods. It’s a good thing to get your cholesterol tested at your doctor visit. Doctors say remember the ABC’s of heart health: Aspirin ask your doctor if you should take it. Blood pressure needs to be controlled. Cholesterol management is important.
High Blood Pressure
Men at risk for high cholesterol and/or who have high cholesterol, should also be concerned about their blood pressure. Stress can cause blood pressure to rise in men over 40. It’s good to practice good stress management in healthy ways such as meditating, taking a walk, and even religious rituals or whatever works for you.
We hear on commercials all the time about Erectile Dysfunction, and its usually targeting the 40 and over demographic. High blood sugar and cholesterol can even cause this type of problem along with depression. Ask a doctor which medication is right for you.
Kidney Stones are a hard mass of tiny crystals in the kidneys. The most common type is made up of calcium. Men are at a risk for this than women and should consult a doctor if they feel pain or discomfort in the stomach or side of the back according to The U.S. National Library of Medicine. It’s good to consider getting a kidney function test to make sure your kidneys are healthy because kidney stones that can be quite painful.
Obesity is a serious health risk especially here in the Unites States. Men may have been able to maintain a healthy weight when they were younger, then suddenly their metabolism slows down as they get older. Men over 40 should make sure to stay active because all of the other health risk described above, all say obesity is a major contributing factor.
Maton, Anthea; Jean Hopkins, Charles William McLaughlin, Susan Johnson, Maryanna Quon Warner, David LaHart, Jill D. Wright (1993). Human Biology and Health. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-981176-1.
(U.S. National Library of Medicine) ncbi.nlm.nih.gov