Tuberculosis is a very serious bacterial infection that can be fatal. Here are five things that you should know about tuberculosis.
1. It’s actually hard to catch tuberculosis.
Even though tuberculosis is a very serious disease, and shouldn’t be taken lightly, it’s rather difficult to catch. In most cases a person catches it after spending a lot of time with someone else who already has it. It’s commonly seen being passed by family members, co-workers, and people that live together. There are some rare cases of it spreading through an airplane so you shouldn’t think it’s impossible to be infected by it.
2. It’s possible to be infected by tuberculosis but not get the tuberculosis disease.
You can become infected with tuberculosis germs but there’s a chance it might not fully develop into the tuberculosis disease. The reason why your body might not fully develop the tuberculosis disease is because your immune system protects your body. Be careful if your body doesn’t develop the tuberculosis disease because your immune system might not be able to protect it twice if you should get infected with tuberculosis germs again. You will known within weeks if the germs have fully developed into the tuberculosis disease or not. Again, tuberculosis can be fatal if it’s not treated properly, so at the fist sign of any symptoms seek medical attention immediately. Some symptoms include a hard cough, chest pain, and bloody mucus.
3. Many groups of people are at high risk for developing the disease.
Some groups that are at high risk for developing the tuberculosis disease include people who are infected with HIV, babies and children, people who were infected with the bacteria germs within the last two years, elderly, and people who inject illegal drugs. Even though the chances of developing tuberculosis is low in the US you should should still take action to prevent developing the disease. If you have a child you may want to get them vaccinated. It’s not uncommon to get a tuberculosis vaccine as a child and it could possibly save their life if they are exposed to any tuberculosis germs.
4. Most tuberculosis cases can be cured.
Although tuberculosis is known for resulting in death, with today’s modern health science it can be cured. There are many drugs that can kill the tuberculosis germs but the person who is infected needs to be treated as soon as possible. It’s common for a person to take the drugs that kill the tuberculosis germs for 6 months up to a year before they can be considered cured. The reason why there are many deaths from this disease is because the infected didn’t get treatment right away or didn’t continue treatment long enough.
5. In 2012 1.3 million people died from tuberculosis.
In 2012 1.3 million people died from tuberculosis worldwide. 8.6 million people worldwide were infected with the disease the same year. The disease is mostly found in Asia with 60% of all new cases in 2012 being documented there. Since 1995 over 56 million people that were infected with the disease were treated successfully. This shows that although there are still many cases many people are getting the right treatment and surviving.