Schizophrenia is a severe psychiatric disorder which requires intensive treatment. Schizophrenics must deal with the chronic disabling nature of this condition. Symptoms include confusion, hallucinations, erratic distorted thinking and behavior, delusions and social isolation. With schizophrenia, there is an increased risk of suicide.
Schizophrenia, with its dramatic symptoms, can affect virtually anyone. People who suffer from schizophrenia come from all races, every culture, economic status and both sexes. It is caused by a complex combination of genetic and environmental factors.
Here are five facts that you may not know about schizophrenia.
1. Schizophrenia usually appears suddenly in young people.
This mental illness usually develops in males in their late teens, and in females in their mid-20s. The onset of symptoms is often sudden and startling to the friends and families of the person stricken. Seventy-five percent of people that develop schizophrenia start having symptoms between 16 and 25 years of age.
2. Schizophrenia is not multiple personalities.
The word schizophrenia is derived from the Greek words which translated mean “split mind.” There is a myth and misunderstanding that people with schizophrenia suffer from multiple personality disorder. This is not true. The “split mind” actually means that the schizophrenic has split from reality.
3. Schizophrenia rates are consistent throughout the world.
This mental disorder occurs in about 1 percent of the global population. Approximately 2.2 million adults, in the United States over the age of 18 have schizophrenia. That is the equivalent of 1.1 percent of the population, which generally matches the rates worldwide.
4. Schizophrenia ranks as one of the most common causes of disability in every developed country worldwide.
It is one of the top 10 reasons that people become disabled and lose the ability to function normally. More patients in mental health facilities are being treated for schizophrenia than any other mental illness.
5. There is no known cure for schizophrenia.
Fortunately, there are some very effective treatments for this disease. Anti-psychotic meds and psychosocial rehabilitation practices can aid people with schizophrenia to independent lives fully functioning lives. Recent studies indicate 25 percent of those with schizophrenia recover completely, 50 percent show gradual improvements over ten years, and 25 percent do not improve.
National Institutes of Health
“Schizophrenia Facts,” MedicineNet.com
“A Couple of Interesting Facts About Schizophrenia” March, 2014