Fire Departments throughout the United States Of America use some type of apparatus that their fire department has chosen to meet the needs that they believe will give the citizens of their city ample fire protection and medical treatment.
Myself being a firefighter for over 28 years of service with my city, I have seen many fire service apparatuses purchased to replace older ones, but still keeping the older ones as a reserve apparatus just in case one of the new apparatuses broke down and needed to be repaired.
Most cities like mine purchase fire department pumpers for a first line apparatus to provide adequate fire protection to the citizens that live and work in that area.
All fire department pumpers have a pump installed inside the apparatus that is designed to provide adequate water pressure and allows firefighters to enter a fire hazard environment with the confidence that they will have enough water pressure to extinguish the fire.
Pumps that are installed inside fire department pumpers are rated to pump gallons per minute such as 50gpm, 750gpm, 1,000gpm, 1,250gpm, and 1,500gpm.
Fire Department pumpers in our city respond to all types of calls such as fire calls, medical calls, police assistance calls, and hazardous material calls.
Fire Department ladder trucks are usually designed with some type of aerial device or aerial ladder attached to the top of the ladder truck apparatus.
Some fire department ladder trucks are designed without pumps and some are designed with pumps and some are designed to be called a quint that serves as a pumper and a ladder truck.
The quint fire department apparatus was named quint because this type apparatus has five functions that provides a pump, tank water, fire hose, a aerial device, and ground ladders.
My city has purchased two new quints and they is are a little smaller than the fire department ladder trucks, also the quint fire department apparatus can perform multiple tasks and has multiple uses.
The mobile water supply apparatus, also known as a water tanker or water tender are designed to transport water to areas where the water supply is inadequate or non existent.
A water tanker is usually limited to hold less than 1,500 gallons of water if the tanker has a single rear axle. A dual axle water tanker should be able to hold more than 1,500 gallons of water in the tank.
Water tankers are usually used as a support vehicle and can be used as a reservoir in a shuttle operation, used in extinguishing woods fires or other type fires if the tanker is equipped with a pump and fire service hose.
A fire department brush truck apparatus is usually designed as a lightweight vehicle like a heavy duty pickup with 4 wheel drive or all wheel drive.
Most but not all fire department brush truck apparatuses are equipped with all wheel drive, a 50 gallon tank installed, a fire hydrant wrench, fire flaps, shovels, rakes, 10 foot of 2 1/2 inch hose, 100 feet of 1 inch booster line,100 feet of duty garden hose, a mounted pump, adjustable flow nozzles, and the ability to pump and roll while firefighters attempt to extinguish a fire.
Large cities usually have a airport either within the city limits or outside the city limits and if a city or county has an airport they will usually have some type of aircraft fire apparatus.
The aircraft fire apparatus is usually designed specifically for aircraft crash firefighting and rescue operations.
The size of a airport, types of aircraft, amount of air traffic, and purpose of the airport are all factors that should influence a city or business of the type of aircraft fire apparatus needed to perform aircraft crash firefighting and rescue operations.
Aircraft fire apparatuses are usually large vehicles designed to be totally self sufficient, has a large capacity fire pump, carries large amounts of water, carry’s foam concentrate, carry’s a variety of rescue tools and equipment, and may also be equipped with a halon or dry chemical type extinguishing system.
My city has a river running near the downtown area that is called the Mobile River that connects to Mobile Bay and Mobile Bay connects to the Gulf Of Mexico. With all this water close by my city, my city has a fire boat apparatus to respond to fires and emergencies to businesses and vessels that are located in or near the waters that are along the waterfront that is connected to my city.
My city also has a hazardous material fire apparatus that responds to all types of hazardous material calls in my city and sometimes the hazardous material fire apparatus responds to calls that are outside the city limits.
All cities have some type of fire department apparatus to protect their citizens and property in their area, the type and number of fire department apparatuses a city has is usually determined by the size of the city, number of citizens, number of businesses and residents, and the response time it will take a fire department apparatus to respond to an emergency call within the city limits.