Food additives and preservatives have recently come under a lot of scrutiny. Separating fact from fiction can often be difficult. If you are vegan or vegetarian, this will not be an issue. For those who are flexiarian,(eat only a little meat) as well as those who eat whatever hey choose, knowing the facts will be important.
Recently, I was reading he label on a package of Nature Valley granola bars, and noticed, that one of the ingredients was maltodextrin which comes from treated grain, ( most often corn or rice ) starch, in the United States. Maltodextrin, is formed by hydrolyzing this starch, by adding some acids and enzymes
When you filter and purify it some more you will have either Maltodextrin, or Corn Syrup Solids. The difference between the two is, that Maltodextrin is has less than 20% sugar content, while Corn Syrup Solids have more than 20%. The completed product is what gives fat-like substance and body to food products.
Maltodextrin also increases the shelf life of processed edibles,, and mixes rather well with other ingredients. Maltodextrin is also very inexpensive to make and produce. Although it is not a sugar ,maltodextrin l has a glycemic index of 130 by itself, when compared with table sugar, which has only 65.
Technically, maltodextrin is a complex carbohydrate because of it’s sugar content, Its high glycemic index causes t to move through the digestive system really fast. Mltodextrin will quickly send energy and protein (if you digest a protein food) to your muscles.
This is good news if you have just completed a workout. This is not preferable however, for those who need to keep their blood sugar levels in balance. According to the Mayo Clinic, because Maltodestrin is a high glycemic product it should be used in moderation, by Diabetics, because it can cause a sugar rush, and send blood glucose levels soaring.