Anacocho Orchid Tree, Bauhinia lunarioides, or the Texas plume, is a deciduous, drought tolerant, cold and heat tolerant, blooming shrub or tree. This tree is native to some portions of Texas where the conditions it grows well in are found naturally. These areas are found in Kinney County, Maverick County and in some areas of Val Verde County where the Devil’s River runs.
Blooms and Leaves:
Anacocho Orchid Trees will grow up to 12 feet in height, making them a perfect size for shrubs or even small trees. They have foliage that is semi-evergreen in some areas where it does not get real cold and deciduous in other areas where winters are colder. The leaves have two leaflets that are oval and look like cloven hooves similar to those of a goat.
The blooms of the Anacocho Orchid Tree are similar to the flowers of an Orchid in that they are white and grow in tight clusters. These clusters of ¾ inch flowers bloom during the spring months of the year, especially after it rains. Although the majority of Anacocho Orchid Tree blooms are white, there are pink ones, but they are rare.
Anacocho Orchid Trees grow well if the certain factors are met such as the correct amount of daylight, the proper soil type, the right amount of water and the temperature of the area. This small tree grows best in the USDA hardiness zones 8a through 11, even though it will withstand cold temperatures to 15 degrees. It grows bushier or fuller and blooms the best when it is allowed full sunlight and a rocky, limestone soil which drains easily. It requires an average amount of watering but does not do well with being over watered.
Propagating Anacocho Orchid Trees is done from the seeds that they produce. These seeds can be collected straight from the plant after they are allowed to mature and dry. Simply break open the seed pod and gather the seeds. After collecting the seeds, clean them real well then store them for use after there is no more freezing temperatures.
Anacacho Orchid trees are a good tree to put in an area where there is limited space because it does not get real big. This would be a perfect tree for a courtyard or patio. It would even be a good tree to use in a perennial flowerbed. Other places to use it would be xeriscapic, rock gardens and butterfly gardens or places that a blooming shrub would be welcomed.
Native Plant Society of Texas