When you really think about it, a ranch and a farm can look very similar to some people who don’t really know what’s done on both, but in actuality, there is a difference between the two. It’s easy to tell when you’ve live on one or both. Both have certain distinctions, and styles so when you go through the details of each one, it’s easy to tell the difference between them.
A farm is a piece of land that is cultivated to produce food. The food you see in the store, such as meat, dairy, and other things comes from a farm. There are different types of farms and some farms can merge to create a facility able to produce different things.
Different farms, such as Grains, Collective, Factory, Fell, Vertical, Organic, Protected Culture, and Intensive are all meant to produce different types of things that you find in stores everyday. A Grains Farm produces produce, and livestock. A Collective Farm is sort of like a joint farm, with different farmers producing different things. Factory farming also deals with the production of livestock, meats, dairy such as milk and eggs, as well as other produce.
Fell farming is also known as hill farming because the farms in this case are held in upland areas. This mostly deals with raising sheep. This is not to be confused with Vertical farming, as vertical farming deals with farming in some sort of skyscraper. In this case, the farming here deals with plant and animal cultivation.
Organic farming is basically what it sounds like. Farmers use little to no pesticides. What pesticides are used, is more natural instead of chemical and also use little to no hormones. Intensive farming, however, does use a considerable amount of pesticides and hormones.
Some farms are non-profit, which caters to their respective community, and others are more “upscale” and works as a lucrative industry.
A ranch is known for raising grazing livestock such as cattle or sheep. It’s also known as an “extensive farm” but is quite different from a farm and like farms can be big or small. Some ranches only deals with horses, in which case, they are called horse ranches. Workers on a ranch have many different names, especially depending on the size and whether or not other workers are employed there. But mostly, anyone who works on a ranch is called a rancher or a cowboy/cowgirl. With a horse ranch, they are also called wranglers.
Unlike a farm, a ranch doesn’t deal with the production of produce, dairy, or eggs. The raising of grazing livestock is solely meant for the production of meat and/or wool. You see a lot of ranches in Western movies, that portray what is known as “the wild west.” There is also what is known as guest ranches, which is basically for tourists, but this kind of ranch is not necessarily a working ranch. Some working ranches have a section for tourists for things such as horseback riding. This is only done for extra income, however, especially if it is a small ranch.
Here is a bit more info on ranches and farms: