Tornadoes can occur anywhere in the world. They are very destructive and deadly storms. Tornadoes are funnel-shaped clouds that extend to the ground. Here are some true facts about tornadoes:
Shocking Fact #1
Damage paths of tornadoes, can be in excess of one mile wide and 50 miles long.
Shocking Fact #2
A tornado is a rotating, funnel-shaped cloud that extends from a thunderstorm to the ground. It has whirling winds that can reach 300 mph.
Shocking Fact #3
Each year, about a thousand tornadoes touch down in the United States. This is far more than any other country.
Shocking Fact #4
Nebraska, South Dakota, Oklahoma, Texas, and Kansas make up Tornado alley. These are the places where tornadoes strike regularly, in the spring and early summer.
Shocking Fact #5
Not all tornadoes are visible. However, their high wind speeds and rapid rotation, form a visible funnel of condensed water.
Shocking Fact #6
A tornado through parts of Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana in 1925. It left a path of destruction over 219 miles long.
Shocking Fact #7
Basements and other underground areas, are the safest places to seek refuge during a tornado. It is also best to stay away from windows.
Shocking Fact #8
Tornadoes cause an average of 70 fatalities and 1,500 injuries in the U.S. each year.
Shocking Fact #9
In order for a vortex to be classified as a tornado, it must be in contact with both the cloud above and the ground below.
Shocking Fact #10
Tornadoes are rated on the Enhanced F (EF) scale, which assigns a number (0 to 5). This is based on estimates of second wind gusts and damage. There have been more than 50 EF5 tornadoes, recorded in the United States since 1950.
Shocking Fact #11
It is not a good idea to take shelter in a car. A car can easily be tossed. It is also a bad idea to hide under a bridge. It makes a person more vulnerable to flying debris or a bridge collapse.
Shocking Fact #12
The Super Outbreak of April 3-4, 1974, spawned 148 tornadoes in 13 states. This resulted in the second highest death toll (317) for a tornado outbreak in the United States.
Shocking Fact #13
The Hallam, Nebraska tornado of May 22, 2004, had the peak width of nearly 2.5 miles. This was close to the maximum size for tornadoes.
Shocking Fact #14
Most tornadoes last only 5 or 10 minutes. However, some have been known to last more than an hour. Close to 1,000 tornadoes are reported every year in the United States.
Shocking Fact #15
Most, but not all, tornadoes in the northern hemisphere spin counter-clockwise. In the southern hemisphere, such as Australia, the opposite is true.
Do Something. 11 Facts About Tornadoes.
Tornado Facts. Interesting Tornado Facts.
Science Kids. Tornado Facts For Kids.
Missouri Storm Aware. Tornado Facts And History: What Is A Tornado?
Smithsonian. 15 Facts About Tornadoes. Author: Sarah Zielinski.
Accuweather. 10 Facts You Want to Know about Tornadoes.
Sky Diary. Kidstorm Tornadoes.